Arthritis Awareness Day: 12th October
















pain: from Greek arthro = joint and itis = inflammation is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints.


There are over 100 different forms of pain.  The most common form, osteopain (degenerative joint disease), is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age.  Other pain forms are arthritic and rheumatoid pain, psoriatic pain, and related autoimmune diseases.  Septic pain is caused by joint infection.


The major complaint by individuals who have pain is joint pain.  Pain is often a constant and may be localized to the joint affected.  The pain from pain is due to inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear of joint, muscle strains caused by forceful movements against stiff, painful joints and fatigue.


Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.


In the UK, millions of people have arthritis or other, similar conditions that affect the joints.  Arthritis affects people of all ages, including children.


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK


  • It most often develops in people in their mid-40s or older.

  • It's also more common in women and people with a family history of the condition. 

  • But it can occur at any age as a result of an injury or be associated with other joint-related conditions, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Osteoarthritis initially affects the smooth cartilage lining of the joint. This makes movement more difficult than usual, leading to pain and stiffness.

  • Once the cartilage lining starts to roughen and thin out, the tendons and ligaments have to work harder.

  • This can cause swelling and the formation of bony spurs called osteophytes.

  • Severe loss of cartilage can lead to bone rubbing on bone, altering the shape of the joint and forcing the bones out of their normal position.

  • The most commonly affected joints are those in the:

    • hands

    • spine

    • knees

    • hips


Rheumatoid Arthritis is less common than Osteoarthritis


  • It often starts when a person is between 30 and 50 years old. Women are more likely to be affected than men.

  • In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system targets affected joints, which leads to pain and swelling. 

  • The outer covering (synovium) of the joint is the first place affected.

  • This can then spread across the joint, leading to further swelling and a change in the joint's shape. This may cause the bone and cartilage to break down.

  • People with rheumatoid arthritis can also develop problems with other tissues and organs in their body.


Other types of arthritis and related conditions


  • Ankylosing Spondylitis  a long-term inflammatory condition that mainly affects the bones, muscles and ligaments of the spine, leading to stiffness and joints fusing together. Other problems can include the swelling of tendons, eyes and large joints

  • Cervical Spondylosis  also known as degenerative osteoarthritis, cervical spondylitis affects the joints and bones in the neck, which can lead to pain and stiffness

  • Fibromyalgia  causes pain in the body's muscles, ligaments and tendons

  • Lupus  an autoimmune condition that can affect many different organs and the body's tissues

  • Gout  a type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in the body. This can be left in joints (usually affecting the big toe), but can develop in any joint. It causes intense pain, redness and swelling

  • Psoriatic Arthritis  an inflammatory joint condition that can affect people with psoriasis

  • Enteropathic Arthritis  a form of chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the 2 main types being ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The most common areas affected by inflammation are the lower limb joints and the spine

  • Reactive Arthritis  this can cause pain and swelling of the joints, sore eyes and extreme tiredness. It develops shortly after an infection of the gut, bowel or throat

  • Secondary Arthritis  a type of arthritis that can develop after a joint injury and sometimes occurs many years afterwards

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica  a condition that almost always affects people over 50 years of age, where the immune system causes muscle pain and stiffness, usually across the shoulders and tops of the legs. It can also cause joint inflammation



Foggy's: Alert / Help Card to hand out, if you become ill and are in pain



Cold Water and Pauses in Illumination Reduces Pain During Photodynamic Therapy: A Randomized Clinical Study



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Bath and North East Somerset (BaNes)










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